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What Is Type 5500? | Lendio


The extra refined your online business turns into, the extra your administrative obligations enhance. When you rent workers, you tackle compliance duties associated to payroll and advantages, which frequently embrace submitting Type 5500.

Type 5500 is part of the annual reporting necessities for many who sponsor worker profit plans. Right here’s what it is best to find out about it, together with the shape’s objective and easy methods to file it.

What Is A Type 5500?

The Type 5500 Collection is a gaggle of paperwork that should be filed yearly by employers who sponsor worker profit plans, to adjust to necessities within the Worker Retirement Earnings Safety Act (ERISA) and Inside Income Code (IRC).

The Inside Income Service (IRS), Division of Labor (DOL), and Pension Profit Warranty Company (PBGC) designed the collection collectively. It contains a number of Type 5500 variations for various plan sizes and a number of accompanying schedules.

Usually, you have to file a Type 5500 for every pension and welfare profit plan you sponsor. Pension plans embrace 401(okay) and profit-sharing plans, whereas welfare plans present advantages like medical, dental, and life insurance coverage.

Authorities businesses use the Type 5500 Collection to facilitate a number of processes. Its main objective is to present them the info they should confirm that you simply’re complying with laws and appearing in your workers’ greatest pursuits.

Nonetheless, it’s additionally a precious supply of data that may assist the federal authorities, together with Congress, assess worker advantages, tax, and financial tendencies. Lastly, it serves as a disclosure doc for plan contributors and beneficiaries.

Who Should File Type 5500?

Usually, if your online business sponsors a number of worker profit plans, you have to file Type 5500. Which model you have to submit will depend on the dimensions and construction of your organization. Listed below are the choices and their main eligibility necessities:

  • Type 5500 – That is essentially the most detailed model of the doc. It’s required when your worker profit plan has 100 or extra contributors.
  • Type 5500-SF It is a barely streamlined model of the doc. It’s best to file it as a substitute of the default model in case your worker profit plan has fewer than 100 contributors in the beginning of the related calendar 12 months. 
  • Type 5500-EZ That is essentially the most simplified model of the doc and is just for one-participant plans. Meaning you need to use it just for a retirement plan that covers your self (otherwise you and your partner).

Notably, just a few exemptions mechanically excuse you from having to file any of the Type 5500 variations, even you probably have an in any other case qualifying worker profit plan.

For instance, you don’t want to finish a Type 5500 to your worker profit plan in the event you’re a authorities entity or if it’s a one-participant account with lower than $250,000 in belongings beneath administration.

For a complete record of exemptions, seek the advice of the official Type 5500 Collection Directions paperwork.

How To File Type 5500

You may nonetheless file many tax kinds by sending paper copies by conventional mail, however most components of the Type 5500 Collection are an exception. If you happen to file Type 5500 or Type 5500-SF, you have to accomplish that electronically.

Solely with a one-participant plan that qualifies for Type 5500-EZ are you able to file with a paper copy by mailing it to the Division of the Treasury. Nonetheless, it’s typically simpler to file electronically, even when it’s not required.

To file Type 5500 Collection paperwork electronically, you have to use the devoted web-based submitting system, often known as EFAST2.As of January 1, 2023, you have to signal as much as entry it utilizing Login.gov, which offers one consumer ID and password for all taking part governmental businesses. If you have already got EFAST2-issued credentials, they are going to be phased out by September 1, 2023.

When Is Type 5500 Due?

If you happen to sponsor an worker profit plan that requires you to file a Type 5500, you typically have till the final day of the seventh month after your plan 12 months ends to submit the required paperwork.

For instance, in case your plan 12 months ends on December 31, 2023, you’d have till July 31, 2024, to file the suitable model of Type 5500 and its accompanying schedules by EFAST2.

Nonetheless, you possibly can request an extension by submitting Type 5558 on or earlier than your due date. It’s going to push the deadline by two and a half months to the fifteenth day of the third month after your authentic due date.

If you happen to suspect you possibly can’t file on time, be sure to file your extension. The penalties for submitting Type 5500 late are considerably greater than common, reaching as much as $2,400 per day that you simply fail or refuse to file an entire and correct report.

If you happen to need assistance to fulfill your Type 5500 submitting necessities, think about consulting a Licensed Public Accountant with related expertise. They will stroll you thru the method and reply any questions you will have.

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