Freddie Mac’s Residence Potential® Program: Defined


Based by Congress in 1970, Freddie Mac exists to supply liquidity and stability to the U.S. mortgage market.[1]Their core mission is to make sure a dependable and inexpensive provide of mortgage funds. In principle, this helps preserve rates of interest decrease and makes mortgages inexpensive for extra Individuals.

Designed to assist very low- to low-income debtors grow to be householders, the Freddie Mac Residence Potential® program is an extension of this mission. We’ll clarify every little thing it is advisable learn about this system, so you may resolve if it’s best for you.

What Is Freddie Mac’s Residence Potential® Program?

Freddie Mac was based to assist most people afford mortgages. Their Residence Potential® program is a mortgage designed particularly for low-income debtors. Residence Potential® mortgages are conforming loans. “Conforming” means the mortgage was underwritten to satisfy the requirements of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae.

The federal government additionally created Fannie Mae to assist with mortgage affordability, albeit many years earlier. That’s why Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are sometimes talked about collectively. Regardless of some key variations, their missions are intertwined.

Fannie Mae even has the same program for low-income debtors – the Fannie Mae HomePath® program.

Who Can Qualify for a Residence Potential® Mortgage?

As a result of the Residence Potential® program is designed to assist those that in any other case won’t be capable of afford a house, there are key eligibility necessities.

First, there’s an revenue restrict. You possibly can’t make greater than 80% of your space median revenue (AMI).[2] So if the AMI the place you reside is $50,000, you’d have to make $40,000 or much less. You possibly can use this instrument to examine revenue limits close to you.

Different eligibility necessities

There are some further necessities you’ll want to satisfy to qualify.

  • Down cost: You’ll have to put at the very least 3% down to satisfy the mortgage necessities.[2]
  • Credit score rating: The minimal credit score rating for a 1-unit fixed-rate mortgage is 660. Nevertheless, debtors with no credit score rating could also be underwritten in the event that they put 5% down.[3]
  • Debt-to-income (DTI) ratio: Your DTI ratio might be as excessive as 45% for manually underwritten mortgages.[4]
  • Property sort: The property should be used as a main residence. Condos and manufactured houses are eligible, supplied they meet further necessities.[3]
  • Proudly owning different properties: You possibly can’t personal greater than two financed residential properties, together with the topic property.[3]

Residence purchaser training course

One distinctive requirement for the Residence Potential® mortgage is the potential of homeownership training. If everybody on the mortgage is a first-time residence purchaser, at the very least one one that’ll be dwelling within the residence should full the homeownership training course.[3]

When you’re required to endure training, programs should meet nationwide requirements for homeownership training. They have to even be supplied by an eligible supply, similar to a U.S. Division of Housing and City Growth (HUD)-approved counseling company, mortgage insurer, Housing Finance Company (HFA), or Group Growth Monetary Establishment (CDFI).[3]

Ought to You Contemplate a Residence Potential® Mortgage?

A Residence Potential® mortgage may very well be your path to proudly owning a house. Listed here are some execs and cons to contemplate earlier than deciding if this program is best for you.

Low down cost

The three% down cost required for the Residence Potential® program is lower than the 5% down that’s normally required for a standard mortgage.

Decrease mortgage insurance coverage prices

When you put lower than 20% down, you’ll owe non-public mortgage insurance coverage (PMI). Nevertheless, when you attain 20% fairness in your house, you may ask your lender to cancel PMI.[5]

Different mortgage choices that permit low down funds, like a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage, include a mortgage insurance coverage premium (MIP). This mortgage insurance coverage comes with larger upfront prices and an annual cost that lasts for the lifetime of the mortgage.

Aggressive rates of interest

The Residence Potential® program provides lenders credit-fee caps and less-than-standard charges.[6] This permits lenders to supply debtors extra aggressive charges.

Sweat fairness

Sweat fairness is one distinctive perk of the Residence Potential® program. Mainly, it permits debtors to leverage their building expertise to cowl down cost and shutting prices with out spending money. Study extra about Residence Potential® sweat fairness parameters.

Strict revenue restrict

Relying on the place you reside, you could not be capable of qualify for a Residence Potential® mortgage since you earn an excessive amount of.

Should be the first residence

One of many necessities of a Residence Potential® mortgage is that the house should be used as a main residence. Which means this system isn’t an choice in case you’re searching for an funding property.

No cash-out refinancing

Money-out refinance isn’t allowed for debtors who occupy the property. Solely rate-and-term refinancing is accessible. So down the highway, you gained’t be capable of convert your fairness on this property into money.

Residence Potential® Mortgage Subsequent Steps

When you assume a Residence Potential® mortgage is best for you, listed below are the following steps within the course of.

  1. Confirm you meet revenue necessities: When you make an excessive amount of to qualify for this system, it’s finest to avoid wasting your self the difficulty of wanting up lenders. Use the eligibility map to examine revenue limits in your space.
  2. Discover lenders who supply Residence Potential® mortgages: Not all lenders supply Residence Potential® mortgages. When you’re desirous about this system, make sure that it’s out there by way of your lender. 
  3. Contact them about making use of: When you’ve discovered the proper lender that provides this system, get in contact. They’ll have a dialog with you to see in case you qualify for this system or if there is perhaps an alternate mortgage out there. When you resolve to get preapproved, they’ll additionally let you understand which paperwork you want and fill out an utility. 

Get accepted to purchase a house.

Rocket Mortgage® permits you to get to deal with looking sooner.

Alternate options to a Residence Potential® Mortgage

Residence Potential® loans could be a nice choice, however they aren’t the one one out there to low-income debtors. Fannie Mae’s HomeReady® mortgage program was designed for low-income debtors with good credit score.

Alternatively, government-backed loans – like FHA loans – might be nice choices for these with decrease credit score. U.S. Division of Veterans Affairs (VA) loans are additionally good choices for individuals who’ve served within the navy. U.S. Division of Agriculture (USDA) loans are one other viable choice, supplied you reside in an eligible space.

Is Freddie Mac Residence Potential® a standard mortgage?

Sure, Residence Potential® loans are typical loans.

Is Freddie Mac Residence Potential® just for first-time residence patrons?

No, this system is open to people who find themselves not first-time residence patrons.

What’s the minimal credit score rating for a Residence Potential® mortgage?

The minimal credit score rating for a 1-unit mounted fee mortgage is 660. Nevertheless, debtors with no credit score rating could also be underwritten in the event that they put 5% down.[3]

Residence Is Potential

Bear in mind, if you wish to get a Residence Potential® mortgage, you’ll want to satisfy the revenue necessities and put at the very least 3% down. You’ll even have to make use of the house as a main residence.

Relying on how a lot cash you make and what you intend to do with the property, different mortgage choices could also be higher suited to your wants.

  1. Federal Housing Finance Company. “Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Retrieved February 2023 from

  2.  Freddie Mac. “Residence Potential® Reality Sheet.” Retrieved February 2023 from

  3. Freddie Mac. “Residence Potential® Mortgage, All For Residence.” Retrieved February 2023 from material/_assets/assets/pdf/fact-sheet/home_possible_factsheet.pdf

  4. Federal Deposit Insurance coverage Company. “Residence Potential®.” Retrieved February 2023 from

  5. Federal Reserve. “Owners Safety Act.” Retrieved February 2023 from

  6. Freddie Mac. “Residence Potential Flyer.” Retrieved February 2023 from material/_assets/assets/pdf/fact-sheet/sf-fm-homepossibe-mortgage.pdf


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